There are four major problems in China's packaging

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There are four major problems in China's packaging and printing industry

after more than 20 years of development, the progress of the packaging and printing industry has attracted the attention of the world, but the problems also exist objectively and cannot be ignored, mainly in four aspects

the development is uneven, and the gap between the East and the west is obvious.

due to the uneven economic development in China, the distribution of China's packaging and printing industry is uneven, but if it is not for the change of insiders, the development is uneven. The packaging and printing industry is mainly concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other coastal areas, while the northwest region is relatively backward. Guangdong, including the graphene conductive paste for waterborne lithium batteries that can improve the energy density of batteries, the total output value of packaging and printing in Fujian, Zhejiang, Shanghai and Jiangsu provinces and cities is about 33billion yuan, accounting for about 52% of China's packaging and printing industry, while the northwest region includes Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Chongqing The total output value of packaging and printing in 12 provinces and cities including Tibet, Guangxi, Yunnan and Guizhou is about 7.2 billion yuan, accounting for about 11% of China's total packaging and printing. The output value of packaging and printing in the five provinces and cities in the southeast is about 5 times that of the 12 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the West

the gap between the 12 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in the west is also very obvious. According to the survey data of relevant government departments in recent years, the output value of packaging and printing in Yunnan Province is 2.74 billion yuan, that in Shaanxi Province is 1.55 billion yuan, that in Sichuan Province is 1.06 billion yuan, while that in Ningxia is only 10million yuan, that in Xinjiang is 20million yuan, and that in Tibet is 26million yuan. The gap between them is dozens or even hundreds of times. The gap between the East and the west is not only reflected in output value, but also in technology, equipment, talents, management, quality, business philosophy and many other aspects

it is understood that due to the existence of these gaps, the packaging and printing of drugs, food and other products with rich resources in the West are mostly processed in other places, especially in the more developed coastal areas. The cost of long-distance transportation is very high, and the transportation cost will eventually be passed on to consumers. The imbalance of development is also reflected in the printing methods in a region. For example, Yunnan Province has a very strong capacity of paper gravure printing, especially cigarette packaging printing. There are about 50 paper gravure production lines, with excess production capacity. The production capacity of plastic gravure printing, offset printing and flexo printing is insufficient, and these businesses can only be lost to other regions

insufficient innovation ability of enterprises

technological innovation and the application of new technologies have done very well in the United States, Germany and other developed countries in Europe and the United States. In this regard, they continue to have new intellectual property rights, new technologies and new products. However, the innovation consciousness of Chinese enterprises is relatively weak. In the industry quality evaluation activities carried out in East China for 21 consecutive years, in order to guide enterprise innovation, three awards, including "Design Creativity Award", "new process (New Technology) Innovation Award" and "new material development award", have been specially added since the previous year, in order to enhance the innovation awareness of enterprises and increase the innovation intensity of enterprises. However, it is a great pity that from the recent two East China quality evaluations and the first national quality evaluation this year, few products and enterprises have won these three innovation awards, less than 1%. One or two awards are vacant every year in the three awards. Even if the products that have won these three awards really have independent intellectual property rights. This is one of the main gaps between China's packaging and printing industry and the international advanced level, and it is also our fatal weakness

unreasonable talent structure and professional structure

China's packaging and printing industry is born out of the production mode of small workshops, so the proportion of employees with higher education and intermediate or above technical titles is much lower than that of machinery, chemical industry, electronics, automobile and other industries. It is understood that some well-known large enterprises in the industry have unreasonable talent structure and professional structure, and the proportion of engineers and senior workers is very low, Less than 4%. Senior engineers, technicians and senior technicians are even rarer. At the same time, a large number of front-line production and technical workers do not get the professional training they deserve. Many enterprises, especially small and medium-sized private enterprises, are unwilling to invest in talent training, for fear that after training, changing the experimental machine is specially used to torque the test sample. Employees change jobs, and the investment has no return. Therefore, the employment method of using only, without training, and fishing with all the benefits is adopted. This has greatly restricted the improvement of the overall quality of employees in the industry, resulting in the lack of professionals, but due to the adoption of advanced structural design and high-level manufacturing industry

at present, although there are packaging engineering colleges and printing colleges in China, and a group of professional technicians are trained to enter this industry every year, the rationality, practicality and professionalism of packaging engineering and printing colleges need to be gradually improved because the time of setting up professional courses in these colleges is not very long

the production capacity of refined products is insufficient, and the production capacity of general products is surplus

according to the national standard of packaging and printing product quality, packaging and printing products can be divided into refined products and general products. At present, the proportion of packaging and printing products that can be produced according to the standard of refined products is not high, which is estimated to account for only about 40%, which is mainly affected and restricted by many factors such as mechanical equipment, staff technical quality, management level and so on

Since the reform and opening up, people's living standards have been greatly improved. The commodities are more and more abundant, and the competition between commodities is more and more intense. The situation that one brand product dominated the market and remained prosperous in the past is gone forever. The demand for packaging and printing that reflect the quality and value of goods is also getting higher and higher due to commodity competition, which forms a contrast with the current insufficient production capacity of refined packaging and printing products in China. According to the information provided by Yunnan, Jiangxi and other relevant parties, these provinces have rich local product resources, but lack of matching refined packaging and printing products, resulting in a considerable outflow of packaging and printing business every year, which hinders the cultivation of refined product production capacity and the improvement of printing level in this region, thus intensifying the contradiction between refined product production capacity and commodity packaging demand in this region

at present, a large number of enterprises in the industry, especially private enterprises with low technology and equipment, can only produce general products, which makes the competition of low-end products more intense, and compete for limited business resources by pressing prices, resulting in the continuous decline of the profitability of the whole industry, and the lower ability of technological transformation and equipment renewal. Such a vicious cycle, in the long run, a number of low-end product manufacturers will be eliminated, It will also drag down a number of better developed enterprises

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