Beijing plans to raise the price of plastic bags

2022-08-18
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Beijing plans to raise the price of plastic bags

"plastic bags are one of the worst inventions of the 20th century." This is the most impressive remark made by Guo Geng, a member of the Beijing CPPCC, in an interview. We can touch the small plastic bag every day, because it is provided by the merchants for free when shopping, and we use it without restraint. However, this small plastic bag is difficult to degrade in the natural environment, causing pollution to the environment and even endangering animal life. To this end, Guo Geng, a member of the municipal CPPCC, put forward the proposal of "suggestions on solving the problem of plastic bags" at this year's "two sessions", and suggested that the sales price of plastic bags should be increased by levying environmental protection tax to restrict people's unrestrained use of plastic bags. In reply, the municipal development and Reform Commission said that it had proposed to the Ministry of finance to include plastic bags in the scope of consumption tax collection. Field investigation: hawkers "send" 200 plastic bags a day. At 7 o'clock every morning, the Donggaodi comprehensive market in Nancheng began a busy day. This is a relatively large market. Like other markets, the trading volume of various commodities here is rising. At the same time, several merchants selling plastic bags are also doing particularly good business. "You can sell at least two rolls a day, and you have to sell sevenoreight rolls a day at the best of times.". Mr. Wu, who has been doing vegetable business here for three years, told him that there are generally only two kinds of plastic bags he uses, one for two yuan and one for four yuan. According to the jargon of the market, the number of plastic bags in a roll is 100. In other words, a merchant sells only 200 to 800 plastic bags a day. So, when customers buy vegetables, do they still need plastic bags? "When shopping here, plastic bags are given away. No one will ask customers for money. Some customers don't think one plastic bag is enough, so we'll give them more." Obviously, due to the low cost of plastic bags, businesses and customers do not take it seriously, and most of these are ultra-thin plastic bags that are difficult to degrade. Ten deer died by eating plastic bags by mistake. Recently, during an interview at the Daxing Nanhaizi Milu garden, it was found that a sign at the door was very eye-catching: "when you go out of the protection base, every time you pick up a piece of white garbage, these howling creatures will be saved from a killing." "Since the discovery of the first elk killed by eating plastic bags by mistake in the late 1980s, about 10 deer have died." Guo Geng, who works in Milu Park, said that as the use of plastic bags became more and more common, it was generally found from the perspective of downstream market and upstream resources at the end of the generation when doing industry research in the 1980s, and it was a peak in 1995. Once, during the autopsy of an elk, they found that the plastic bag in its stomach weighed up to 4kg. "This is also the deer that we found eating plastic bags by mistake." So, where did these plastic bags come from? Guo Geng analyzed that, first, some tourists threw it casually when visiting; The other is floating to the elk garden from the outside. "Fortunately, with our continuous publicity, there are few cases of directly discarding plastic bags now." Luyuan hired a special person to pick up plastic bags. Now there are more than 130 deer of all kinds in elyuan. In order to prevent these deer from eating plastic bags by mistake, elyuan hired two cleaners last year to pick up plastic bags. After walking around the elk garden, there was basically no white garbage found, and the cleaners inside also checked at any time and cleaned up the garbage immediately if they found it. Committee member's voice: Guo Geng, one of the worst inventions of the last century, is a scientific worker who loves the cause of environmental protection and practices many aspects. At this year's "two sessions", his "in kind proposal" (a battery free radio) also attracted wide attention from the media. "Plastic bags are cheap and light. Although they provide us with convenience, discarded plastic bags have become our most annoying and headache." Guo Geng said that because it is difficult to degrade in the natural environment and float around, it is not only unsightly, but also affects the permeability of the soil, and also endangers the lives of many organisms. Therefore, "plastic bags are rated as one of the worst inventions of the 20th century by international people." "We don't deny the advantages of the use characteristics of plastic bags. Analyzing the problem of plastic bags lies in the disposal after they are discarded. If there are no environmental sequelae, will people still hate them?" Ireland has imposed taxes on plastic bags. Guo Geng believes that the key to solving the problem of plastic bags lies in post-processing, which requires payment. Like many products that have side effects on the environment, the cost of plastic bag processing has not been amortized into their prices before, that is, there is a lack of cost accounting of "green GDP". In dealing with plastic bags, the experience of some western countries is worth learning from. For example, in order to curb the abuse of plastic bags, Ireland imposed a tax of 13 cents on each plastic bag, and the funds collected were used for the collection of waste plastic bags, with remarkable results, so that 90% of white pollution was controlled, and the national awareness of environment and economy was improved. It is suggested to levy taxes and raise prices to control pollution. Therefore, Guo Geng suggested that the production cost and treatment cost of plastic bags should be amortized into the price in the form of environmental protection tax, so as to improve the sales price of plastic bags. "In the market, many businesses provide plastic bags for free, so consumers have the mentality of not wanting them for nothing, which leads to the behavior of multi-purpose, abuse and random discarding." Guo Geng said that the price of each plastic bag was raised from a few cents to a few yuan, including recycling money and disposal fees. Shopping malls are equipped with recycling desks for centralized recycling to avoid "white ghosts" floating around. In this way, not only the amount of use is controlled, but also sufficient funds are available to deal with and solve the long-standing problem of "white garbage". "Bring your own bag every time you buy vegetables." Guo Geng believes that plastic bags are not necessities of life, and they can be used sparingly. "While using the price and tax levers to adjust, we should also encourage people to bring their own vegetable baskets, cloth bags and non disposable containers. Even for plastic bags, they should also be multi-purpose and reused, so as to regain the good tradition of thrift, cherishing good fortune and cherishing material life." Guo Geng said, "every time I buy vegetables, I bring my own bags and never ask for plastic bags. I can't guarantee that there will be deer who die from eating plastic bags by mistake in the future, but I really hope that everyone will try not to use or use plastic bags less." Government reply: manufacturers, supermarkets and customers all know that the national standard for high temperature tensile test has regulations: rib contamination of round samples. In response to the proposal of member Guo Geng, the municipal development and Reform Commission said that according to the polluter pays principle, in the process of producing plastic bags by manufacturers and providing plastic bags to customers by supermarkets, manufacturers, supermarkets and customers are all responsible for manufacturing pollution, They should each undertake the obligation to reduce or eliminate pollution. However, from the perspective of manufacturers, if the production of non degradable plastic bags causes pollution, they should have the obligation to recycle and dispose of them, or enter the cost of recycling and disposal into the product price, and return them to the country in the form of plastic bag tax, so as to specifically control white pollution. But first, the production process of plastic bags is relatively simple, the product transportation is convenient, and the manufacturer's production is not subject to geographical restrictions; Second, local governments cannot levy taxes, so "levying the environmental protection tax on plastic bags can only be implemented at the national level, and local governments simply cannot make efforts to restore your economy". It is expected to be included in the scope of consumption tax collection. From the perspective of supermarkets, the free provision of environmentally harmful products by supermarkets also causes pollution, and they are obliged to make efforts to reduce this pollution. From the perspective of customers, due to the extensive use of plastic bags, which aggravates the degree of this pollution, we should also pay for the elimination of pollution. In view of the fact that the free use of plastic accessories and things should generally be marked with responsive signs and specifications, material bags have been popular for a long time, and the power of relying solely on publicity and people's willingness to consciously change this atmosphere is very limited, so we can only rely on economic means and appropriate charges to guide customers' environmental consumption. To this end, the municipal development and Reform Commission has proposed to the Ministry of finance that the use of plastic bags should be included in the scope of consumption tax collection. At present, the Ministry of finance is studying the feasibility of imposing a consumption tax on plastic bags. In addition, recently, the city's commerce department also plans to cooperate with relevant departments to set up recycling facilities in shopping malls and markets to strengthen the centralized recycling of plastic bags

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